Political Back Ground :-
The British a nation of shopkeepers set their foot as
traders. By getting advantage of petty quarrels, and personal feuds
(rivalry) among the local Lords got control over vast area in the name
of "East India Company". They ruled
with a policy "Divide-and Rule". They get present coastal districts
(present circar districts). i.e (Chicacole, Vizianagaram, Vizagapatnam,
East Godavari, West Godavari, Krishna, Guntur, Prakasam, Ongole, and
Nellore districts from Nizam rulers. In the year 1857 a great Rebellion
or Revolt took place. In 1857 East India Company transferred its rule to
her Majesty. Her Majesty the Empress of England "Queen Victoria" got
control over India. Her Majesty appointed a special secretary for Indian
affairs with a cabinet rank.
In 1885 Indian National Congress formed. Activated both educated and peasants. In 1905 "Lord Curzon" bifurcated Bengal into two states. i.e "East Bengal" and "West Bengal").
According to Curzon it is for administration convenience but for Indian
patriots it is a clear cut division between Hindus and Muslims with a
The people all over India strongly opposed this action. The ambition of reunion of Bengal leads to "Vandemataram Movement"
(bow my head on the feet of mother India). It has its impact in West
Godavari district- BHIMAVARAM also. Prior to the formation of West
Godavari District as a separate District, it is a part in Krishna
district. Great noble men like Sri Mutnuri Krishna Rao (The editor of
"KRISHNA" journal), Sri Gadicharla Hari Sarvothama Rao, Avutupalli
Narayana Rao toured Bhimavaram inspired youth with their emotional
orations, they brought patriotic fervour among youth and peasantry.
In 1920 Mahatma Gandhi started Non-Cooperation movement. It
raised the urge of Nationalism in Bhimavaram. Many patriots, Lawyers
left their lucrative practice and joined in National Movement.
Teachers, students, Munsiffs (heads appointed by British in villages),
Patwaris or karanams (tax collectors and land revenue record keepers at
village level) left their jobs and joined freedom struggle.
With the call for Mahatma Gandhiji's a small town once unknown to
other regions stop paying of taxes to British Government. They rebel
against the Mighty British. On knowing this movement, Gandhiji praised
Bhimavaram in his journal "Harijan" named Bhimavaram as the Second Bardoli.
In 1931 on January 26th people celebrated "Poornaswaraj"
(total independence day) in spite of prohibitory orders imposed
by British to conduct Rallies and public meetings in Bhimavaram.
Mahatma Gandhi in Bhimavaram
In 1932 Mahatma Gandhi came to Bhimavaram (in his Andhra Pradesh
tour). He addressed a huge gathering in Bhimavaram. He appealed for
peoples support in attaining Independence. He asked people to wear Khadi
(hand spun cotton clothes). He asked to abolish foreign goods, and
asked to encourage village and cottage industries.
He addressed the need of participation of one and all in
independence movement. He appealed for donations for "Tilak Nidhi"
(Independence Fund). On his request women of this area liberally donated
even their Gold ornaments to Gandhiji. He was wondered and moved by the
generosity of Bhimavaram people, and praised Bhimavaram as the land
of "Supreme Sacrifice".